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Heterotopias, cortical dysplasias and glioneural tumors participate in cognitive processing in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.

Heterotopias, cortical dysplasias and glioneural tumors participate in cognitive processing in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.

Authors: 
Kirschstein T., Fernandez G., Grunwald T., Pezer N., Urbach H., Blumcke I., Van Roost D., Lehnertz K. & Elger C.E.
Year: 
2003
Journal: 
Neuroscience Letters
Abstract: 

Focal brain lesions such as corticaldysplasia and glioneuraltumors generate epileptic activity and thus may be synaptically connected with normal cortex. To test this hypothesis, we compared event-related potentials recorded directly from the medial temporallobe (MTL) and a dysplastic lesion in eight patients with intractable temporallobeepilepsy. The P3 component, related to visual target detection, showed different peak latencies in four patients and a larger intralesional amplitude compared to established anterior-MTL-generators in two patients. Semantic processing was identified by the N400 component and showed a different latency in four patients and larger intralesional amplitudes in two patients. These results are compatible with the hypothesis that cortical lesions interact with synaptic pathways related to cognitive functions such as visual target detection, and verbal processing.

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